The Volcano Pilot is focusing efforts on three objectives over the 2014-2017 life of the project:
1) a regional study of volcanic unrest and eruption in Latin America using SAR and visible/IR satellite data;
2) support of volcano Supersites, especially in Hawaii, Iceland, and Italy (Geohazard Supersites and Natural Laboratories (GSNL)); and
3) comprehensive remote sensing coverage of a significant eruptive event that threatens population, preferably located in Southeast Asia (where Pilot activities are currently limited).
Thus far, the third objective has not been started, since a suitable eruption has not occurred within the 2014-present timeframe. A number of results have been achieved in the first two objectives, however, ranging from research into magma plumbing systems to monitoring of sudden hazardous eruptive activity. In all cases, results were achieved either achieved collaboratively with, or communicated to, local scientists and stakeholders. Thus, the Volcano Pilot is well on its way towards its goal of demonstrating that remote sensing data have exceptional value in monitoring, assessing, mitigating, and researching volcanic hazards, during all phases of the eruption cycle—before eruptions occur, during eruptions, and post-eruption recovery.
Noteworthy results from the Volcano Pilot include:
- Volcanic unrest in South America (Cerro Negro / Chiles, Ecuador-Columbia border)
- Deformation of Fernandina, Galapagos
- May 2015 intrusion at Kilauea Volcano, Hawaii
- Post-eruptive inflation of Cordon Caulle, Chile
- Tracking changes associated with unrest at Cotopaxi, Ecuador